Pope speaks out:
Pope Pius XII's Pentecost radio-address of June 1, 1941
goods have been created by God to meet the needs of all men, and must be
at the disposal of all of them, as justice and charity require.
man indeed, as a reasongifted being, has, from nature, the fundamental
right to make use of the material goods of the earth, though it is
reserved to human will and the juridical forms of the peoples to
regulate, with more detail, the practical realization of that right.
an individual right cannot, by any means, be suppressed, even by the
exercise of other unquestionable and recognized rights over natural
economy, which is the fruit of the activities of men combining their
work in the national community, tends to do nothing but to ensure,
without interruption, the material conditions in which the individual
life of the citizens will be able to develop fully.
this is obtained, and so obtained as to endure, a people will be,
strictly speaking, rich, because general material well-being and,
consequently, everybody's personal right to use the earthly goods, will
thus be realized according to the Creator's will.
economic wealth of a nation does not properly consist in the
abundance of goods judged by a sheer material computation of their
worth, but it consists in what such an abundance does really and
effectively mean and provide as a sufficient material basis for a fair
personal development of its members.
such a just distribution of goods were not to be effected or just
imperfectly ensured, the true end of the national economy would not be
achieved, opulent though the abundance of available goods might be,
since the people would not be rich, but poor, as it would not be invited
to share in that abundance.
on the contrary, that this just distribution be efficiently realized on
a durable basis, and you will see a people, though with less
considerable goods at its disposal, become and be economically sound.
today are inclined to appraise the wealth or the poverty of the peoples
with scales and according to merely quantitative criteria, such as space
and the abundance of goods.
on the contrary, the end of the national economy is appreciated
according to its exact value, this end will become a guiding light for
the efforts of statesmen and their peoples; it will enlighten them into
entering spontaneously a way that will not require continual sacrifices
in goods and blood, but will bear fruits of peace and general material